Inkjet Drying & Curing

Hardware & Chemistry for fixing inkjet Inks

Thursday 13 - Friday 14 June, 2019

Møller Centre, Cambridge, UK


The Inkjet Drying & Curing course covers all of the necessary hardware and ink chemistry for fixing inkjet inks. The course covers drying of aqueous and solvent inks, comparing different possible methods and including near-infrared (NIR) drying, ultra violet light (UV) curing and electron beam (EB) curing. Course presenters include Adphos and Phoseon, with further speakers to be confirmed.

The drying section reviews the ink drying process, including adhesion, penetration into the substrate, rub resistance and print quality. The differences in behaviour on porous and non-porous media are discussed. Wavelength, absorption characteristics of inks, typical substrates and coatings are also covered. The advantages and disadvantages of potential ink drying techniques are reviewed.

The course gives an in-depth introduction to the UV curing process and its relevance to digital inkjet printing. The course introduces the fundamental chemistry and hardware required, assessing the pros and cons of each type available on the market. The emerging technique of EB curing will also be introduced, and its potential advantages reviewed.


Thursday 13 June 2019

12:30 - 13:30 Registration

13:30 Course begins

Drying aqueous and solvent inks
James Burbidge, Adphos

  • Introduction

    • What is dry, and how dry is dry?

    • Ink makeup

    • Differences in inkjet heads and resulting chemistry

  • The principles of:

    • Wetting & Setting

    • Absorption in Porous & non-porous Media

  • Paper and ink characteristics

    • Spectral absorption of inks

    • Spectral absorption of paper

  • Defining durability, liquid removal and measuring it

    • What are we measuring

    • Test procedures

  • Comparison of systems

    • Drying processes

    • Dryer designs

    • Homogeneity due to focusing and airflow management

  • Application examples

    • Machine layout and its influence

The development of Hybrid-UV / Water-based UV
James Burbidge, Adphos & Rob Karsten, Phoseon

  • Introduction

  • Basic concept

  • Benefits

  • Challenges

17:00 Session ends

18:00 - 19:00 Reception

Join us for beers, wines and good company!

Friday 14 June 2019

09:00 Session begins

UV curing fundamentals
Rob Karsten, Phoseon

  • Introduction to UV curing

    • The UV curing process

  • Characterising UV sources

    • Wavelength

    • Peak irradiance

    • Energy density

    • Air-cooled systems

    • Water-cooled systems

  • Application areas

    • Full cure

    • Pinning

    • Low migration

  • Benefits of UV curing

  • Latest advances in UV technology

UV curing considerations
Dr Tim Phillips, Catenary Solutions

  • Physics of UV curing

  • UV source comparison

  • Safety considerations

  • Integration challenges

    • Heat management

    • Stray UV

  • Oxygen inhibition

  • Single pass/multipass systems

12:30 - 13:30 Lunch

13:30 Session begins

Electron beam curing
Mikala Baines, Ebeam Technologies

  • Introduction to electron beam (EB) curing

    • The EB curing process

    • Chemistry and physics

    • EB Sources

      • Lamps

      • Systems

  • Characterising EB Sources

    • Beam current

    • Dose

    • Voltage

    • Power

  • Application areas

    • Conventional printing

    • Inkjet printing

    • Coating and varnishes

    • Migration results

  • Benefits of EB curing

  • Comparison with UV technology

  • Future perspectives

UV cure chemistry
Dr Stuart Palmer, IGM Resins

  • UV cure mechanisms

    • Free radical

    • Cationic

  • Photoinitiator chemistry

  • Monomer chemistry

  • Oligomers and additives

  • Curing issues

    • Oxygen inhibition

    • Other issues

  • Print quality effects with UV inks

17:00 Course ends


James Burbidge, Technical Director Europe - Print Technology
Adphos Innovative Technologies, Germany

James has had much experience in his ten years in the digital printing field, working both as a key technical trouble shooter for a market leading manufacturer of digital colour presses, and as technical lead in a large printing company responsible for the development of digital production. He now brings that experience to bear enhancing the performance & productivity of production lines by integrating Adphos technology into the process, thereby increasing performance and flexibility.


Rob Karsten, Regional Director EMEA
Phoseon Technology, USA

Rob Karsten is the Regional Director EMEA for Phoseon Technology, the world leader in UV LED technology. He has been with Phoseon pretty much from the beginning and has been responsible for building their business in Europe. Rob was born in Canada to Dutch parents and holds a degree in mechanical Engineering.

Dr Tim Phillips, Founder & Director
Catenary Solutions, UK

Tim Phillips has extensive experience in challenging inkjet integration projects, spending eight years working at Xennia Technology Ltd, the leading inkjet solutions company that was acquired by Sensient in 2015. This involved working with a wide range of companies developing technology for new applications including textiles, ceramics, packaging, décor and functional material deposition for printed electronics and biomedical uses. Tim founded Catenary Solutions in 2015 to bring this knowledge of digital solution development and marketing to a wider audience. Tim has also presented IMI Europe courses in the past including the Inkjet Academy and Inkjet Ink Manufacturing & Digital Textile Printing courses.


Mikala Baines, Applications Development Specialist & Business Development Manager
ebeam Technologies, Switzerland

Mikala Baines has nearly thirteen years of experience working in the printing industry. Most of these years were dedicated to developing her career in formulating UV inkjet inks for various applications at Fujifilm Speciality Ink Systems in the UK. In this time Mikala also studied part-time to acquire her BSc in Chemistry with the University of Greenwich and the Open University. Drawn to the potential of electron beam curing in the printing world, Mikala moved to Switzerland in March 2017 to join the dynamic team at ebeam Technologies. She currently works as an Applications Development Specialist, collaborating with a wide range of companies to research solutions for their businesses as well as evaluating new possibilities for the technology.


Dr Stuart Palmer, Sales Manager
IGM Resins, UK

After obtaining a degree and PhD in Chemistry (University of Kent, Canterbury, UK), Stuart worked in UV-curing technology at Autotype and Fujifilm SIS (then known as Sericol). He then spent 10 years working in chemical distribution, which exposed him to many other coating technologies. He joined IGM Resins, a company dedicated to producing raw materials for UV curing, in 2008.